Introduction of Belarus:
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external image paste53.jpg



Where is it?


Northern part of Eastern Europe


Characteristics:

  • Low-lying
  • Resources rich

  • Landlocked


external image belarus.jpg
external image belarus.jpg


(CIA 2012)
Development Level:
Said to be high in terms of HDI,
but in practice face many problems
Political development:
one-person dictatorship in practice
Diplomatic relations:
Limited contact with western countries
Economic development:
overrelries on industrial sector
Econonmic rank
(GDP, real growth rate):
5.3 % 60th
Education level:
Moderate
Civil Liberty:
Limited


Political Development:


Post-communist under USSR

Authoritarian rule under President Lukashenko

external image Belarus-president-Alexand-007.jpg
external image Belarus-president-Alexand-007.jpg


Belarus have been controlled by Alexender Lukashenko since 1994,
although in theory it is a republic.
Tactics of rule:
(CIA 2012)

1. Regard himself as "men of people"
2. Amend the constitution in order to increase his power: extend the term of president to 5 years personally
3. Hold unfair and "pseudo competitive" elections
4. Banned opposition political parties: Prosecution and assassination of anti-government political leaders
→Stable political condition for many years




Economic Development:

State Controlled Market Socialism (CIA 2012)
1. Mostly soviet-style state owend companies and industries
2. Economic miracle: High growth of GDP
3. Russia continuous to be the friendly trading partners: support natural resources
e.g. Petroleum and natural gas

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external image sad_poems.jpg
1. High inflation rate (ranked the highest,223rd in terms of the changes in consumers price when compared to previous year) due to poorly planned monetary policy (CIA 2012)
2. Budget deficit and growing foreign debts News : IMF loans 680 million to Belarus
3.Monopolization in industry : no foreign competition in domestic market
4.extreme dependence on Russian supplies of raw materials and energy (BBC 2012)





Social development :

Abuse of human rights

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external image Belarus-Social-Media-JPEG-1.jpg

1.use the criminal justice system and onerous administrative demands
to control civil society:
violence is used to treat international journalists and activists in demonstrations

2.Control of NGOS
(Belarusian NGOs struggle for air as country comes to grips
with another five years of Lukashenko’s rule 2011):
controls political opposition groups, NGOs, and trade unions through costly
and burdensome registration requirements

3. No rights of assembly (CIA 2012):
Required to apply demonstration permits but authorities continue to fine,
jail, and search the homes of opposition activists in relation to organizing
and participating in "unauthorized events

4. Strict media control (BBC 2012):
State owned newspaper, TV and magazines censorship by authorities
No freedom of expression by independent media