Introduction of Belarus:external image paste53.jpg


Where is it?

Northern part of Eastern Europe

Characteristics:

  • Low-lying
  • Resources rich

  • Landlocked

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Development Level:
Low
Political development:
one-person dictatorship
Diplomatic relations:
Limited contact with western countries
Economic development:
overrelries on industrial sector
Econonmic rank:
60th (2009)
Education level:
Moderate
Civil Liberty:
Limited



Political Development:

Post-communist under USSR

Authoritarian rule under President Lukashenko

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Belarus have been controlled byAlexender Lukashenko since 1994.
Tactics of rule:
1. Regard himself as "men of people"
2. Ammed the constitution in order to increase his power:
extend the term of president to 5 years personally
3. Hold unfair and "pseudo competitive" elections
4. Banned opposition political parties:
Prosecution and assassination of anti-government political leaders

Stable political condition for many years


Economic Development:

State Controlled Market Socialism
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1. Mostly soviet-style state owend companies and industries ( 51%)
2. Economic miracle: High growth of GDP (9.9%)(2005)
3. Russia continuous to be the friendly trading
partners:
support natural resources e.g. Petroleum and natural gas

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1. High inflation rate (27% per year since 1998) due to poorly planned monetary policy
2. Budget deficit and growing foreign debts
News : IMF loans 680 million to Belarus
3.Monopolization in industry :
no foreign competition in domestic market
4.extreme dependence on Russian supplies of raw materials and energy





Social development :

Abuse of human rights
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1.use the criminal justice system and onerous administrative demands to control civil society:
violence is used to treat international journalists and activists in demonstrations
2.Control of NGOS:
controls political opposition groups, NGOs, and trade unions through costly and burdensome registration requirements
3. No rights of assembly:
Required to apply demonstration permits but
authorities continue to fine, jail, and search the homes of opposition activists in relation to organizing and participating in "unauthorized events
4. Strict media control:
State owned newspaper, TV and magazines
censorship by authorities
No freedom of expression by independent media