Overview development of LGBT in Belarus :

external image gay-and-lesbian-rights-2.jpg
Discrimination by the citizens and state
Homosexual was regard as illegal before 1994. There is widespread of homophobia ,prejudice and instances of harassment in all spheres of society (Bortnik 2006).

Social acceptance in Belarus
Belarus: Top 10 of sexual minorities most oppressing countries in Europe out of 49 countries ('Belarus Among 10 Most LGBT Rights Violating States in Europe' 2012).


1. Public Opinion:
Intolerance, suspicious remains in Belarusian society.
Regard homosexuality= disease
Sexual minorities are scared of seeking protection from the human rights group.
Gay life= underground

Video: East bloc love: a documentary film showing how LGBT's human rights being violated in Eastern Euorpe countries.

2. Hate crime (Bortnik 2006)
Any criminal offence where victims are targeted because of their connection of a group which may based upon a characteristics common to its members,such as sex can be regarded as hate crime.

According to a focus group interview of LGBT people, 75% of respondents have been violently attacked because of their sexual orientation. 45% experiencing 3 or more cases violence and harrassment. Here is an sentence from a respondent:
I come out when I was 13 and I was always being called a "faggot" at school.
Even teachers gossiped about me ( gay man 18, Minsk).
Besides, 55% of the respondents said that they had the experiences in physical violence due to LGBT (Bortnik 2006).

Hate crime is usually committed by people within LGBT's social circle like neighbour,fellow students or co-worker and even families. Among these, domestic violence is the most serious problem. Individuals coming out to their families as lesbian, gay, or bisexual, particularly young people, were often rejected by their families. This posts great emotional and psychological distress to LGBT people due to the fact that they are being isolated by their cloest person (Bortnik 2006).
Report to the police? NO
1. Fear of being arrested
2. Police offers refused to take a complaint of a potential hate crime
3. Police offers failed to properly identify and investigate hate crimes
4. Afraid of revealing their sexual orientation to public
(Bortnik 2006)

Misconceptionand Prejudice still exists in society
Evidence:
According to a survey, 47% Belarusian think gays should be improsioned (Bortnik 2006).
People view LGBT as disorder and abnormal.
A radical youth group even called homosexuality a "sin and preversion deserving death" and the existence of homosecuals is "the result of decay and sinfulness in the world" (Bortnik 2006).

Discrimination in daily lives:
1. Social lives:
According to a focus group, 75% LGBT have experienced harassment at least once in their life time (Bortnik 2006).
Source, News: People work in Gay rights was not allowed to go into the club

2. Education (Bortnik 2006):
LGBT students have higher tendence of being refused to admission of high school or university.
Once the school learned about their sexual-orientation, they have risked of facing explusion

3. Employment :
Employers often refuse to accept homosexuals for employment.
If employers learned that sexual orientation, they will discharge LGBT employees.
Source: News - Belarus Gay Activist Says British Company Fired Him Because He is Gay
A state official in Minsk district was fired from his position after his former wife told the adminstation that he was homosexual.

4. Personal security: Hate crime towards LGBT (refer to the above paragraph)
In 2001-2003,at least 33 cases of hate crimes based on sexual orientation or gender gender identity in Belarus were revealed (Bortnik 2006).

How?
(A) Killing: During 2001-2003, there were 6 gay men murdered in Belarus On 18April 2001,
4 July 2001, 15 February 2002and 17 November 2002 (Bortnik 2006).
(B) Rape: there were two reported cases of raped gay men (Bortnik 2006).
(C) Assault : Commonly in verbal terms (Bortnik 2006)


  • 'Belarus Among 10 Most LGBT Rights Violating States in Europe' (2012), Nasha Niva, [Online], Available: http://nn.by/?c=ar&i=73705&lang=en [06 November 2012].
  • Bortnik, Viachaslau (2006) ‘Hate crimes against lesbian, gay and bisexual people in Belarus’, Kuhar, Roman and Judit Takács, (eds.) Beyond the Pink Curtain: Everyday Life of LGBT people in Eastern Europe, Ljubljana: Peace Institute - Politike Symposion.