The Development in Hong Kong

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Political: Liberal Authoritarianism in Hong Kong
Politically, Hong Kong is a partial democratic city. It can fulfill parts of the element as a democracy city, like a certain degee of rights of political participation. The growing number of directly elected seats through geographical constituency, equal rights to all citizens to run for eletive offices and adult rights to vote are dimensions of democratic Hong Kong (Boniface & Alon 2010).
However, functonal constituencies and the way of 'electing' Chief Executive are regarded as non-democratic elements in Hong Kong political system, violating the principal of equality . Chief Executive is not elected by all citizens, but by Electoral Committe which is formed by functional groups like corporate representatives and political bodies of mainland China (Boniface & Alon 2010). There have been voices for equal election for the CE and Legco, but further progress is still uncertain (Ma 2011).



Social: Civil society and well legal protections of civic Liberties and human rights
sunwg2012091204365.jpgHong Kong is regarded as a free society in which civil Liberties and human rights are legally protected by the penal codes stipulated in the Basic Law. Given the well-established legal system, citizens are free to practice a range of freedoms and rights such as freedom of expression, freedom of press and freedom of assembly without encountering much political suppressions and legal restrictions. The legal protection of civil liberties and rights lead to proliferation of officially registered non-government organizations, pressure groups, and political parties which blatantly fight for rights for the minorities, effectively scrutinize the governance of the government, and promote social justices. Freedom of speech and media are well safeguarded by the laws though freedom of media is found to be deteriorating by the increasing self-censorships of the media in content subversive to states credibility in recent years. Media coverage of non-political issues generally are not censored. Civil society has played an important role in monitoring the administrative and legistrative stystems of the government. Citizens are dare to protest against the government on its flawed policies and address their opinions in the media. As Hong Kong is a relatively free society, morally provoking minority groups such as sexual workers and the LGBT community are also free to obtain official registrations, hold assembly, fight for their rights through demonstrations, disseminate their messages in the internet without encountering legal restrictions and social condemnation.



Economic : highly develop in international level
Hong Kong has a high level of economic development. Indicated by Index of Economic Freedom, Hong Kong ranks the first in economic freedom in 2012, with its score reaching 89.9.Such high degree of economic freedom is generally achieved by the rule of law, regulatory efficiency, open market and the limited government. Under comprehensive economic system, Hong Kong flourishes in tertiary industry, in particular of sector of the financing, insurance, real estate, accommodationand food services, etc. In 2012-2013, Hong Kong ranks 9 out of 144 in The Global Competitiveness Index. It suggests that Hong Kong have prosperous economic development and become a one of the leading international financial centre in the world. On the other hand, while Hong Kong records high statistics of GDP, it doesn’t have perfect economic development. Over the years, its uneven distribution of income has long been criticized. It ranks the first among most developed countries for income disparity.