How Civil Liberty Affects LGBT in Sri Lanka
Deprivations of equal opportunity and violation of human rights:
Homosexuality is illegal in Sri Lanka. It is no surprising that there is no legal protection nor policies safeguarding rights and equal opportunity of sexual minorities. Worse still, sexual minorities are deprived of the equal rights to access public services and justice, and equal opportunity of employment. According to the executive directors of a LGBT community, Equal Ground, sexual minorities ‘lose their job, are kicked out of their home, [and] have difficulty accessing health care, housing, education and justice.’ It was also reported that sexual minorities are threatened by arbitrary detentions of the police and harassed verbally and physically by the public and family. Homosexuals easily fall victim to violence and deprivation of human rights, especially the lesbian and bisexual women. According to the Equal Ground, some of them are suffering domestic violence from family members, house confinement and forcibly arranged heterosexual marriage. Overall, sexual minorities is scrutinized and oppressed both in the public and private sectors in Sri Lanka.

Restrictions on freedom of assembly and organization:
Over the past few years, social acceptance towards LGBT community has slightly increased with the efforts of LGBT organizations and the softened attitudes of the government. More sexual minorities get out of the closet and participate in demonstrations and activities hold by the LGBT organization. In recent years, the government has loosened suppression against the LGBT organization. In the past, these organizations were barred from official registration and therefore were illegal. They are threatened by harassments of the police and physical attacks of anti-homosexuality people. Thus, most activities for LGBT community are hold in underground in case being harassed by hostile people and police. Nowadays, the state has loosened its controls over the LGBT. Though they are still not official recognized as officially registered organization, some of them receive resources from government agencies for AIDs prevention and education. Given the state and society are more tolerant to sexual minorities nowadays, LGBT community stepped forward to lobby parliamentarian and demonstrate for repealing the discriminatory penal codes against sexual minorities. Nevertheless, there are only a few activated LGBT organizations without influential political power and the number of full-name membership is remained small. These showed that social attitudes towards sexual minorities are still conservative and hostile though greater acceptance and recognition are received.