Recent Changes

Sunday, November 18

  1. page Analysis edited ... Although we only have one Islamic country in our research, the Islamic influence seems to play…
    ...
    Although we only have one Islamic country in our research, the Islamic influence seems to play an important role also. Since there is little and limited information of LGBT in Djibouti, articles revealing LGBT Muslims in other parts of the world are also examined. In general, Islam is also homophobia. Serious penalties will be implemented if the identity of LGBT are exposed in public.
    {map-religion2.jpg}
    (Source: Maps of World 2012)
    Although exceptional cases are found in Buddhism and Hinduism, religion is still said to be a strong factor.
    Even though Buddhism is influential in Thailand, it is less influential in Sri Lanka. It is because Sri Lanka is
    (view changes)
  2. page Analysis edited ... 4. Religion to a certain extent as an important factor: {analysis03.png} ... should be …
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    4. Religion to a certain extent as an important factor:
    {analysis03.png}
    ...
    should be
    taken
    taken into consideration
    ...
    between different
    freedoms
    freedoms are discovered.
    ...
    prominent two
    religions
    religions that are
    ...
    should be
    as
    as instructed by
    ...
    government even
    makes
    makes claims based
    ...
    less penetrating
    into
    into people life
    ...
    an important
    role
    role also. Since
    ...
    in other
    parts
    parts of the
    ...
    be implemented
    if
    if the identity
    ...
    in public.
    {map-religion.jpg}

    {map-religion2.jpg}

    Although exceptional cases are found in Buddhism and Hinduism, religion is still said to be a strong factor.
    Even though Buddhism is influential in Thailand, it is less influential in Sri Lanka. It is because Sri Lanka is
    (view changes)
  3. page Djibouti - Civil Liberty edited Civil Liberty In Djibouti No reported discrimination??? ... {dji_prot_18feb11_02.jpg} In t…

    Civil Liberty In Djibouti
    No reported discrimination???
    ...
    {dji_prot_18feb11_02.jpg}
    In theory, civil liberty seems to be respected according to the constitutions, but people in Djibouti face many restrictions in practice (US Department of State 2011: 8).
    ...
    the government.
    Media are almost owned by state and there is no private or independent media. State-owned media means that media are required to go through censorship so that its report are consistent with government policy (US Department of State 2011: 8-10). If seems that if there are voices critizing government's attitudes towards homosexuality, they will face suppression.
    (afrol News, 2012)
    ...
    (LGBT Djibouti 2012)
    Civil liberty - Religion - LGBT
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    with accordance with
    with
    code partly
    ...
    open homosexuality (US
    (US
    Partment of
    ...
    marriage apart from
    from
    criminalizing homosexuality.
    aforl News (2012), Mass arrest stops futher Djibouti protest, [Online], Available: http://www.afrol.com/articles/37449 [6 November, 2012].
    LGBT Djibouti (2012), [Online], Available: https://www.facebook.com/pages/LGBT-Djibouti/149955005147111 [9 November, 2012].
    (view changes)
  4. page Analysis edited ... {analysis02.png} 1. Rejection of hypothesis: ... hypothesis, the arguement that argumen…
    ...
    {analysis02.png}
    1. Rejection of hypothesis:
    ...
    hypothesis, the arguement thatargument-- the higher the
    ...
    of development, the greater the social acceptanceacceptance-- is proven
    2. Laws and government to a certain extent as an important factor:
    ...
    laws and governmentsgovernment are more
    In Hong Kong, Belarus and Sri Lanka, lack of supports from the laws and government sometimes hinder the development of LGBT rights. In Belarus and Hong Kong, same sex activities are only decriminalized meaning legal recognition is not yet confirmed. In Sri Lanka, although the legislation is less likely to be enforced, homosexuality is still criminalized. It can cause limited LGBT rights development. First, LGBT groups are more likely to face discrimination since most of the time these governments do not include LGBT in anti-discrimination legislation. Second, legislation can be even discriminative against LGBT, like that of Sri Lanka. As the result, LGBT groups face different difficulties in rights being suppressed, for example, the equality of employment is not guaranteed since discrimination in employment is not a crime.
    {freedomhouse index.jpg}
    (view changes)
  5. page Djibouti - Laws and Government edited ... (Picture, source:'No Homo: Nigerian Government Bans Same-Sex Marriage' 2012) Legislation with…
    ...
    (Picture, source:'No Homo: Nigerian Government Bans Same-Sex Marriage' 2012)
    Legislation with discrimination against LGBT
    ...
    (2006: 5)
    ‘Articles

    ‘Articles
    347 to
    ...
    sources state
    that

    that
    sexual intercourse
    ...
    and US
    Department of State (2011: 21) report that sexual intercourse of both male and female homosexuality is illegal.
    {susanno_gays1.jpg}
    (Source: 'Malaysian government views LGBT community as a ‘spreading problem’ to be stopped' 2012)
    Government's intolerance with homosexuality
    ...
    state clear
    that both men and women, regardless of their sexual orientation, should be respected and allowed to enjoy
    ...
    resolution (Human
    Rights

    Rights
    Watch 2011).
    How important the laws and the government are in shaping LGBT situaton in Djibouti
    ...
    and to
    openly

    openly
    voice their
    ...
    and attitudes
    of homosexuality are not likely to form due to the limited exchange of ideas.
    Human Right Watch (2011), Historic decision at the United Nations, [Online], Available: http://www.hrw.org/news/2011/06/17/historic-decision-united-nations [4 November, 2012].
    (view changes)
  6. page Djibouti - Laws and Government edited ... (Picture, source:'No Homo: Nigerian Government Bans Same-Sex Marriage' 2012) Legislation with…
    ...
    (Picture, source:'No Homo: Nigerian Government Bans Same-Sex Marriage' 2012)
    Legislation with discrimination against LGBT
    ...
    (2006: 5) ‘Articles
    ‘Articles
    347 to
    ...
    sources state that
    that
    sexual intercourse
    ...
    and US Department
    Department
    of State
    ...
    is illegal.
    {susanno_gays1.jpg}

    Government's intolerance with homosexuality
    ...
    state clear that
    that
    both men
    ...
    to enjoy freedom
    freedom
    within the
    ...
    resolution (Human Rights
    Rights
    Watch 2011).
    How important the laws and the government are in shaping LGBT situaton in Djibouti
    ...
    and to openly
    openly
    voice their
    ...
    and attitudes of
    of
    homosexuality are
    Human Right Watch (2011), Historic decision at the United Nations, [Online], Available: http://www.hrw.org/news/2011/06/17/historic-decision-united-nations [4 November, 2012].
    'Malaysian government views LGBT community as a ‘spreading problem’ to be stopped' (2012), [Online], Available:
    http://actforamericahouston.wordpress.com/2012/06/19/malaysian-government-views-lgbt-community-as-a-spreading-problem-to-be-stopped/ [18 November 2012].

    'No Homo: Nigerian Government Bans Same-Sex Marriage' (2012),
    http://audionigeria.com/?p=6942 [15 November 2012].
    (view changes)
  7. page Analysis edited ... {analysis02.png} 1. Rejection of hypothesis: ... the hypothesis that - that-- sexual m…
    ...
    {analysis02.png}
    1. Rejection of hypothesis:
    ...
    the hypothesis that -that-- sexual minorities
    ...
    level of developmentdevelopment-- is rejected.
    ...
    the latter discriminatediscriminates and depriveddeprives rights of
    ...
    the rest countries showedcountries, including Sri Lanka, Hong Kong, Belarus, show that more rights ofguaranteed for sexual minorities doare not neccessarily guaranteednecessarily in places
    ...
    intermediated development including Sri Lanka, Hong Kong, Belarus.of the country. On the other hand,contrary, civil rights
    2. Laws and government to a certain extent as an important factor:
    A correlation between laws and government and social acceptance to LGBT can be seen in our research. If laws and governments are more open to LGBT, the society is more likely to accept LGBT. At the same time, if the society is less negative towards LGBT, there are more possibilities for further LGBT development promoted by the government with fewer pressures through legislation. In Bolivia, the government is adopting more open attitudes towards LGBT legislation. It results in more social organizations and movements for the increase in LGBT rights. Although some deep-rooted negative attitudes still exist, at least the society is being influenced step-by-step through legislations and social organizations and movements.
    (view changes)
  8. page Sri Lanka - Civil Liberty edited ... Restrictions on freedom of assembly and organization: Over the past few years, social accepta…
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    Restrictions on freedom of assembly and organization:
    Over the past few years, social acceptance towards LGBT community has slightly increased with the efforts of LGBT organizations and the softened attitudes of the government. More sexual minorities get out of the closet and participate in demonstrations and activities hold by the LGBT organization. In recent years, the government has loosened suppression against the LGBT organization. In the past, these organizations were barred from official registration and therefore were illegal. They are threatened by harassments of the police and physical attacks of anti-homosexuality people. Thus, most activities for LGBT community are hold in underground in case being harassed by hostile people and police. Nowadays, the state has loosened its controls over the LGBT. Though they are still not official recognized as officially registered organization, some of them receive resources from government agencies for AIDs prevention and education. Given the state and society are more tolerant to sexual minorities nowadays, LGBT community stepped forward to lobby parliamentarian and demonstrate for repealing the discriminatory penal codes against sexual minorities. Nevertheless, there are only a few activated LGBT organizations without influential political power and the number of full-name membership is remained small. These showed that social attitudes towards sexual minorities are still conservative and hostile though greater acceptance and recognition are received.
    {homo0001.jpg}
    Global Gayz (2009), Gay Sri Lanka News & Reports 1995-2007, [Online] Available: http://archive.globalgayz.com/asia/sri-lanka/gay-sri-lanka-news-and-reports-3/#article3 [7 Novemeber 2012]
    UNHCR (2012), Sri Lanka: Treatment of sexual minorities, including legislation, state protection, and support services, [Online] Available: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,,,LKA,,4f435fa52,0.html [8 Novemeber 2012]
    (view changes)

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